Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Haplodrassus  Chamberlin, 1922   44 species

Haplodrassus umbratilis  (L. Koch, 1866)

Beschreibung

Pedipalpus mit laschenartiger Ausbuchtung der distalen Bulbusapophyse basal liegend. Tibialapophyse distal wenig verbreitert. Epigyne mit schräg nach vorne gerichteter Vorwölbung. Prosoma hellbraun. Cheliceren dunkler als Prosoma. Distale Beinglieder dunkler als Prosoma. Opisthosoma hellbraun.

Körperlänge Männchen: 3.9-6 mm
Körperlänge Weibchen: 5.1-7.5 mm
Zusätzliche Informationen

in trockenen und lichten Kiefernwäldern und Heiden, tagsüber am Boden und unter Steinen

Häufigkeit: Weit verbreitet

Verbreitung
  Vorkommen
  kein Nachweis
Weltweite Verbreitung (WSC 2020): Europe to Kazakhstan
Phänologie
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Krim: ♂♀ – V-VII, ♂♂ – IV, ♀♀ – VIII, X
Abbildungen
Verbreitungsnachweise
Austria   ( no references ) ||| Belarus   ( Ivanov, 2013; ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| Estonia   ( no references ) ||| Finland   ( Koponen et al., 2016; ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Latvia   ( Cera, 2018; ) ||| Liechtenstein   ( no references ) ||| Lithuania   ( no references ) ||| Luxembourg   ( Hermann, 1998; Kreuels et al., 2019; ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| Netherlands   ( no references ) ||| North Macedonia   ( no references ) ||| Norway   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Romania   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Central   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Eastern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Northern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Serbia   ( no references ) ||| Slovakia   ( no references ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Sweden   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Ukraine   ( Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019; ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||
Literatur

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Brændegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224 pdf

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Fjellberg A (unpubl.)

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Hermann E (1998) Die Spinnen (Araneae) ausgewählter Halbtrockenrasen im Osten Luxemburgs. Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes Luxembourgeois 99: 189-199 pdf

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311 pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm

Kovblyuk M M, Kastrygina Z A, Omelko M M (2012b) A review of the spider genus Haplodrassus Chamberlin, 1922 in Crimea (Ukraine) and adjacent areas (Araneae,  Gnaphosidae). Zookeys 205: 59-89 pdf

Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F, Merrett P (1974) British Spiders 3. Ray Soc London

Miller F (1971) Pavouci-Araneida In: Daniel M & Cerny V. (Hrsg.) Klic zvireny CSSR, Dil. IV. Ceskoslovenska Akademie Ved, Prag: 51-306

Miller F, Buchar J (1977) Neue Spinnenarten aus den Gattungen Zelotes Distel und Haplodrassus Chamberlin (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Acta Univ Carol Biol 1974: 157-171

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Ponomarev A V, Shmatko V Y (2017) A new species of spiders of the genus Haplodrassus Chamberlin, 1922 (Aranei: Gnaphosidae) from the northern pre-Caspian area. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 13: 11-14 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Tullgren A (1946) Svensk spindelfauna. 3. Egentiliga spinddlar. Araneae Fam 5-7. Clubionidae, Zoridae och Gnaphosidae. Stockholm (Entomol Fören): 141 pp. pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
17-03-2020 Distribution insert Detail
01-01-2020 Image insert
02-10-2017 Image insert